The Logic Stage: "Pert"
"characterized by contradicting, answering back, liking to 'catch people out' (especially one's elders), and by propounding conundrums. Its nuisance value is extremely high." -Dorothy Sayers.
Socratic questioning, logical argumentation, and discursive reasoning come to the fore during this stage. Students should acquire and be able to use the tools of logic to engage critically in the subjects they are learning by developing and pursuing their own questions, experiments, and investigations. Students begin to see connections between the subjects. Ideally, they experience "logic across the curriculum" so that in every class, students are challenged to move beyond rote memorization and toward application and synthesis of knowledge.